Some people believe that reading the newspaper is the best way to learn
about news, while others believe that the more effective way is through other
media. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
For hundreds of years, people get used to reading the newspaper to know
current affairs, but this traditional mode is being challenged by the emergence
of various forms of other media.
Since the invention of TV, it has become a common way for people to get
informed of the latest news and compared with reading articles, sounds and
moving images on TV can better convey the information. In recent years, with the
universal access to the Internet, more people turn to reading on the web. Online
reading saves the time of printing and distribution and more importantly, most
of information on the web is free. Another advantage of new media is their less
impact on the environment. The paper-making industry associated with printing
newspapers is a heavy polluter and large consumer of wood resources.
However, some people support newspapers and they may give their reasons as
follow. The censorship system of publishing newspapers is more rigorous, which
means the Information people gain from the printed media is more reliable than
that from the Internet. It is true that in many cases, the news turns out to be
false after it spreads widely on the web. In addition, some readers, especially
elderly citizens, may get accustomed to reading newspapers as they are not
familiar with the functions of electronic gadgets.
My view is that the role of the newspaper is diminishing in our daily lives
and this trend will become faster in the future. However, “newspaper” will
continue to exist, perhaps in another form, demonstrated by the fact that many
newspapers are published on websites as online newspapers now.
The pie chart below shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes lessproductive. The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the 1990s.
The pie chart shows that there are four main causes of farmland becoming degraded in the world today.
Globally, 65% of degradation is caused by too much animal grazing and tree clearance, constituting 35% and 30% respectively. A further 28% global degradation is due to over-cultivation of crops. Other causes account for only 7% collectively.
These causes affected different regions differently in the 1990,with Europe having as much as 9.8% degradation due to deforestation, while the impact of this Oceania and North America was minimal, with only 1.7% and 0.2% of land affected respectively.
Europe, with highest overall percentage of land degraded (23%), also suffered from over-cultivation (7.7%) and over-grazing (5.5%). In contrast, Oceania had 13% of degraded farmland and this was mainly due to over-grazing (11.3%).north America had a lower proportion of degraded land at only 5%, and the main causes of this were over-cultivation (3.3%) and, to a lesser extent, over-grazing (1.5%).
Overall, it is clear that Europe suffered more from farmland degradation than the other regions, and the main causes there were deforestation and over-cultivation.
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The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spending by a particular UK school in 1981, 1991 and 2001.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The pie charts compare the expenditure of a school in the UK in three different years over a 20-year period.
It is clear that teachers’ salaries made up the largest proportion of the school’s spending in all three years (1981, 1991 and 2001). By contrast, insurance was the smallest cost each year.
In 1981, 40% of the school’s budget went on teachers’ salaries. This figure rose to 50% in 1991, but fell again by 5% in 2001. The proportion of spending on other workers’ wages fell steadily over the 20-year period, from 28% of the budget in 1981 to only 15% in 2001.
Expenditure on insurance stood at only 2% of the total in 1981, but reached 8% in 2001. Finally, the percentages for resources and furniture/equipment fluctuated. The figure for resources was highest in 1991, at 20%, and the proportion of spending on furniture and equipment reached its peak in 2001, at 23%.